Internet safety

Nowadays the Internet and various IT tools form a natural part of our everyday lives. Most of people communicate on the net, children are born into this electronic world which became a basic territory of socializing for them. Nevertheless most of them are not able to use it properly and safely and they are not aware of the dangers’ types and severity this electronic world can cause. The above mentioned awareness would be very important as vulnerable and inexperienced children in their younger and younger age become the users of the net. The article’s purpose is enumerating the hidden by the online world dangers.
1. Cyberbullying
Cyberbullying can be considered as a kind of bullying.
Cyberbullying is a kind of aggressive, pushy or sneaking behavior committed with the support of electronic technology which is directed against a given person repeatedly. The victims are not able to get rid of this activity and are not able to protect themselves.
Perpetrators are also children and young people as well.
Anonymity provided for the perpetrator by the Internet can be more frightening for children, can raise the feeling of being defenceless, unprotected and can cause more severe injuries than offline bullying. While bullying at school stops when you arrive home, victim of the Internet will be a victim at home as well.
Besides, cyberbullying moves on in wide public with apparent consent of more witnesses.

2. Online hate speech
Hate speech is not a new phenomenon on the problem map of human rights but with the appearance of the Internet the range of troubles has widened.
According to the definition of the Council of Europe this kind of behavior covers every manifestation which spreads, motivates, popularizes or justifies any hatred – on ethnic base – xenophobia, antisemitism or any other form of hatred whose base is intolerance: intolerance expressed by aggressive nationalism and ethnocentrism, discrimination against minorities, immigrants and people with immigrant origin implied.
This kind of behavior does not avoid young people either.

Idea of troll means a person who harasses an online community on any internet forum, chat, blog with their provoking, annoying messages. He or she pounds their opinion pushily with a purpose to generate temper, passion in other users or to disturb the conversation with any other method.
People who take on, accept their own extreme opinions only with a pseudonym – besides they ruin civilized internet style – set a wrong example for the children who are looking for their places.

4. Sexting
English expression „sexting” means sending erotic pictures or videos by electronic tools which became a wide-spread phenomenon among young people. Erotic pictures, videos are taken by the people concerned voluntarily or by other people, via mutual consent. These pictures and videos are used later without the control of people concerned. Multiplied pics and videos can be distributed without any permission of people concerned easily. Typical motivations of sexting are irresponsibility and thirst for vengeance. Unfortunately these motivations can already be seen in children communities.

5. Child pornography
Child pornography is tightly connected with sexting. New Hungarian Penal Code orders to punish child pornography in the frame of a separate state of affairs. Criminal act of child pornography is committed – among others – by an adult person who gets, obtains, takes, offers, hands over or brings within reach a pornographic picture, video of a child (i.e. of somebody under 18 years). The Internet offers a lot of possibilities for the enumerated above activities since strangers are able easily to swindle pictures, videos out of unprotected children who are lacking experience which show their sexuality with obscene directness in order to crave for sexual desire intentionally. This qualifies as a pornographic picture, video which appears in the law.

6. Grooming
With community pages the rules of getting acquainted have been changing. Young people often accept approach of people they haven’t met earlier, but they are friends of mutual friends or they have got some common interest. Users must consider that behind a photo that shows a teenager boy there can be hiding a much older adult man who is seeking his victims for satisfying his sexual desires. Perpetrators are hunting for young people on the community nets sometimes for months with a deliberately built strategy. These men insinuate themselves into the young people’s confidence, they worm pieces of personal information out of the young people and involve them in their sexual games via the Internet and they can persuade them to meet in person. This kind of behavior is called online grooming.
These dangers mean just the tip of the iceberg, but from these can be seen that the users – i.e. kids and adults – must be able to use the possibilities given by the online world safely and in a moderate way. It is justified not only by the severity of the dangers, but by the inevitability of using the Internet every day.